Primary, secondary, and tertiary Carbon atom

What are Primary, secondary and tertiary Carbon atom?

Primary, secondary and tertiary Carbon atom

Primary Carbon:

The carbon atom which is attached to minimum two hydrogen atoms. If any functional group links to primary carbon than such compounds are known as primary compounds.

For example: Ethanol, C2H5OH, is a primary alcohol.

Secondary Carbon:

The carbon atom which is attached to only one hydrogen atom. If any functional group links to secondary carbon than such compounds are known as secondary compounds.

For example: Propan-2-ol, CH3CH(OH)CH3, is a secondary alcohol.

Tertiary Carbon:

The carbon atom which is not attached to any hydrogen atom. If any functional group links to tertiary carbon than such compounds are known as tertiary compounds.

For example: 2-methylpropan-2-ol, C(CH3)3OH

Primary, secondary, and tertiary Carbon atom
Primary, secondary, and tertiary Carbon atom

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